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Guharanira uburenganzira bw’abagore ni nko kurwana intambara y’isi

Wednesday 30 October 2019, by : MUTESI Scovia
    Yasomwe na

by Scovia Mutesi

Ibi byagarutsweho ubwo hatangizwaga inama ihuza imiryango itari iya leta muri Afurika yabereye Addis Ababa Ethiopia ku cyicaro gikuru cy’umuryango wunze ubumwe bw’Afurika (AU) barebera hamwe nyuma y’imyaka makumyabiri n’itanu habayeho amasezerano ya Bejing yemezaga ko habaho ihame ry’uburinganire kw ‘isi.

Beijing ni amasezerano mpuzamahanga yashyizweho mu mwaka 1995 mu rwego rwo kwimakaza ihame ry’uburinganire n’uburenganzira bw’umugore n’umwana w’umukobwa ubu hari ibihugu bya bishyize mu bikorwa kw’ isonga haza u Rwanda ariko hari ibihugu bikigenda biguru ntege kuko bibangamiwe n’ imico y’ibihugu aho hari ibihugu bitemera ko abagore bagira uburenganzira bungana nu bw’abagabo n’ubwo byasinye aya masezerano, ibi bituma inzira yo kwigisha uburinganire biba intambara itoroshye nkuko byavuzwe Martha Karua ukomoka mu gihugu cya Kenya akaba yarabaye umudepite yaranabaye umukandida ku mwanya wa perezida wa Repeburika ya Kenya ariko aviramo mu majojora, ubwo yatangaga ibiganiro yavuze ko yagiye bejing mu gihe hashyirwagaho aya masezerano .

Martha Karua ukomoka mu gihugu cya Kenya

Yagize ati “kwigisha ko abagore ko bakwiye kugira uburenganzira bungana n’ubwabagabo ari nk ‘intambara y’isi kuko amategeko ubwayo ntahagije ahubwo ubukangurambaga kugirango imico y’ibihugu yemere uburinganire hagati y’umugabo n’umugore.Amategeko ubwayo ntacyo yafasha ahubwo imyitwarire y’ abagabo si mibi n’uko umuryango utabatoje ko abagore bahabwa uburenganzira bunga n’ubwabo, ibyo rero abagabo ntabwo banga abagore kuko ni ba nyina,bashiki babo,abagore babo urebye ni abakunzi babo bityo rero intambara turwana tuyirwane n’umuco aho kuyirwana n’ abagabo”.

Souad Belazzi waturutse mu igihugu cya Tuniziya (Tunisia) yagize ati “Tuniziya yafashwe nk’igihugu cy’intambara aho abagore bashakagaga uburenganzira bwabo barwanya ubuharicye kugeza ubu uburengazira bw’abagore burubahirizwa nubwo hagikorwa byinshi, nyuma y’imyaka myinshi habayeho ubusabe bwinshi bwageze kuri Leta yumva ikibazo. umwaka wa 2014 bwa burenganzira bwasabwaga n’ abagore bushyirwa mw’itegeko nshinga rya tuniziya ,byemewe n’amategeko umugore ari nk’umugabo mu burenganzira ko umukobwa yajya kwiga, akaba afite uburenganzira ku mutungo w’iwabo ndetse n’abagore batangira gukora umutungo wabo ntugenzurwe n’abagabo babo kandi abagore bakora akazi gasa n’aka abagabo bagahebwa umushahara ungana ibyo byose kuba biri mw’itegeko bivuze ko twabonye uruvugiro hasigaye guhangana n’imico itarabyumva naho amategeko yarabonetse kandi dufite imiryango atali iya leta irengere uburenganzira bw’umugore,yigisha uburenganzira bwabo irwanya akarengane.
2018 ni bwo hashyizweho amafaranga yo gufasha abagore kwiyamaza banjya munteko shinga mategeko kugeza ubu bamaze kugera 19% ibi biduha ishusho ko demukarasi itasize inyuma umugore”.

Uwamariya Josephine umuyobozi wa Actionaid Rwanda witabiri iyi nama
Uwamariya Josephine umuyobozi wa Actionaid Rwanda nawe witabiriye iyi nama ubwo yaganiraga n’ikinyamakuru mama urwagasabo yavuze ko aya masezerano Leta y’urwanda yashyize mu bikorwa ikimara gushyiraho umukono kuko hari hagiyeho gahunda zitandukanye zigamije kuzamura umugore n’umukobwa.

Yagize ati “mu Rwanda bubahirije aya masezerano ya Bejingi nu bwo hari ibi kibura ariko ubushake bwa Leta na politiki buragaragara nkuko abandi bavuze umuco uracyari ikibazo muri Afurika,mu Rwanda itegeko shinga ryacu rigena uburyo abagore bajya mu myanya ifata ibyemezo aho mirongo itatu kw’ijana baba ari gitsina gore 30% ndetse no mu bigo byigenga bisabwa kubahiriza iri tegeko nibwo bikigenda buhoro, hashyizweho guhemba abikorera bubahiriza 30% byabagore bakoresha mu bigo byabo,ikindi kuba 2008 harashyizweho urwego rugenzura ko ihame ry’uburingani ryubahirizwa (Gender monitoring office) inama y’igihugu y’abagore ndetse na Minisiteri y’uburinganire n’iterambere ry’umuryango hatorwa n’ amategeko arengera abagore harimo iry’ubutaka ko umugabo n’umugore banganya uburenganzira ku mutungo kandi umwana w’umukobwa akazungura nka basazabe,n’icyiruhuko cyameza atatu k’umugore wabyaye kandi agakomeza guhebwa ibyo byose nibizamura abagore”.

Josephine akomeza avuga ko bashima ubuyobozi ko bwakoze byinshi harimo uburezi kuri bose hashyiriweho Ikigenga cy’Imari n’Iterambere Business Development Fund, (BDF) kizishingira ufite umushinga mwiza 75%y ‘ingwate bank imusaba ibyo n’ibindi byose leta ikora birafasha ariko haracyari ikibazo cy’ abakora imirimo idahabwa agaciro yo mu rugo kurera abana, guteka, kuvuma ,n’indi myishi bakayikora amasaha menshi ku buryo kubona umwanya wo gutekereza umushinga wa byara inyungu bigorana n’uwutecyereje abura umwanya wo kuwushyira mubikorwa. Babonye bimwe mu bifasha nk’amazi hafi, bateka kuri biyogaze, abana biga hafi, Imirimo bayikora amasaha make bigatuma bakora icyinjiza amafaranga

Bamwe mubabaporisikazi bari mu butumwa bw’amahoro

Polisi y’uRwanda igaragaramo abagora bajya mu butumwa bw’amahoro mu bihugu bitandukanye k’imwe n’abagabo. Mu mungabo z’igihugu hagaragaramo abagore kandi bari mu basirikare bakuru , umuvugizi w’Urwego rw’Igihugu rw’Ubugenzacyaha (RIB) uyobowe n’umugore Marie Michelle Umuhoza. Mu Rwanda mu nteko nshingamategeko umutwe wa badepite abagore barimo bangana 61% mu gihe abagize goveronoma (abaminisitiri) bangana 50%, abagore bari mu muri nyanama bayoboye uturere 38% ,abagore bari mu butabera 40%, mw’itangazamakuru abagore ntibasigaye inyuma mu Rwanda abanyamakuru bahawe ikarita y’umwuga na( RMC) urwego rw’itangazamakuru rwigenzura barenga 1000 muri abo abagore 244, ibinyamakuru biri mu Rwanda 160 ibyashinzwe n’abagore ni 18 iyo urebye iyi mibare bivuze ko hageragejwe kubahiriza amasezerano ya Bejing.

Aba n’abagore bari mu nteko nshingamategeko umutwe w’abadepite kugeza ubu uyobowe n’umugore.

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